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1a)
Ration is the amount of feeds given to farm animal within 24hrs which comprises a careful combination of carbohydrate, protein , fat and oil , vitamin and mineral
2b
FLOODING
LOW MOISTURE
BEDROCK NEAR THE SURFACE
STEEP TOPOGRAPHY
RAINFALL

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(3ai)
(I)Rectum
(ii)bladder
(iii)scrotum
(iv)Ampulea
(3aii)
(I)cervical air sac
(ii)clavicular air sac
(iii)sinus
(iv)trachea
(3b)
(i) Rectum:
– it is the last stop before the faces
– it is eliminated through the anal canal
(ii) Bladder:
– it functions as body urine
(iii) Scrotum:
– it contains the testicles called (tester)
(iv) Ampulla:
– it contains the cupula, aclustter of sensitive hairs embedded in the jelly like mound.
HEN:
(i) Cervical air sec:
– the extension of lungs in birds
(ii) Claviculae air sac:
– it permit a un individual flow of air
(iii) Sinus:
– lighter of the sull or improve voice

(iv) Tractiea:
– an integer part which air away hen
4ai)
(i) Comb
(ii) Eyes
(iii) hock joint
(iv) foot
(v) abdomen
(4aii)
(i) New castle disease
(ii) Infections bronchitis
(iii) Avian pox
(4b)
(i) Loss of Appetite
(ii) Excessive Thirst
(iii) Weight Loss
(iv) Slobbering
(v) Vomiting
(4ci)
Drenching is the administering of drug to an animal by mouth mouth into the stomach, usually by force, to rid them of helminths parasites, such as roundworm, flukes and tapeworm.

(4cii)
Dipping is is an efficient method of delivering pesticide or other liquid treatments to a large herd to protect sheep from infestation against external parasites such as itch mite, blow-fly, ticks and lice.

(4d)
(i) Respiratory system
(ii) Digestive system
(iii) Reproductive system



5a)
Goat:
(i) Four chmabered stomach
(ii) Presence of false stomach
(iii) Absence of gizzard
(iv) Absence of crop
(v) Absence of proventriculus
Chicken:
(i) It doesn’t have four chambered stomach
(ii) Presence of gizzard
(iv) Presence of crop
(v) Presence of proventriculus
(5b)
(i) Rumination is the process by which the ruminant animals regurgitates previously consumed feed and masticates it a second time.
(ii) Coprophagy is the consumption of faeces. In some animal species it is seen as a normal behavior, like rabbitsDoing that allow tough plant materials to be digested more efficiently by passing twice through the digestive tract.
(5ci) Creep feeding:
It increase weaning weights in cattle and lambs, compensation for low milk production, and a smoother transition to feedlot rations.
(5cii) Steaming Up:
It promote maximum milk production from the very beginning of the lactation.
(5ciii) Flushing:
It increase the rate of ovulation, hence, lambing rate.
(5di)
(i) Increased diversity of plant and animal species.
(ii) Control of invasive plant species, such as yellow starthistle.
(iii) Habitat restoration for threatened and endangered species.
(iv) Controlling erosion from water runoff for improved water quality.

(5dii)
(i) Manuring
(ii) Avoiding of overgrazing
(iii) Irrigation
(iv) Replanting

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(Animal Husbandry )

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BELLOW ARE THE PREVIOUS WAEC 2018 ANIMAL HUSBANDRY ANSWER .

1ai)
-Turkey
-Duck


(1aii)

-Goat
-Sheep


(1aiii)
-Sheep
-Goat

(1b)
(i) Serves as food for man
(ii) A good source of protein
(iii) The shell is used for vim making
(iv) Serves as income to farmers


(2a)
-For food purposes
-To generate income
-To make research
-To produce offspring

(2b)
-Meat

-Wool

(2c)
Servivce day = 12 may, 2016
The gestation period = 31 days
Therefore, the kindling date will be 12th june, 2016.

(2d)
(i) Treat affected ear with appropriate drug
(ii) Isolate affected animal
(iii) Use of miticides
(iv) Invite a veterinary doctor

(2e)
-Endoparasites: worm, liverfluke

-Ectoparasites: Lice, Mite, Fleas, Tick

(3a)
(i) By the use of chemicals
(ii) Through the use of biological method
(iii) By the use of predators
(iv) By physical method

(3b)
(i) It destroys skin and hides of cattles
(ii) It destroys cattle's fur
(iii) It reduces the blood of cattle
(iv) Its effect reduces the weight of cattle

(3c)
(i) Lice
(ii) Flea
(iii) Ringworm

(3d)
(i) Use of chemical called acaricide
(ii) Biological method
(iii) Proper sanitation
(iv) Through physical method

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(4ai)
-Hay
-Silage

(4aii)
HAY:
-It should not be mouldy
-It should have a pleasant smell
-It should be pale green in colour
-Most of its leaves should be intact

SILAGE:
-It should be digestable
-It should be highly nutritious
-It should be light green in colour
-It should not be mouldy or blakish

(4b)
(i) They are source of balance
(ii) Their growth will help in smothering of weeds
(iii) It will help improve the palatability of forage

(4c)
-Irrigation
-Fencing
-Pests and diseases control
-Sowing and transplanting

-Seed bed preparation